ARENA - AMPHITHEATER

Arena is most known symbol of Pula, it is about one of the most preserved Roman amphitheatres in the world.
Building of Arena has started by Emperor Augustus, who ruled between 27 B.C. until 14 A.D. It has gained its form in time of Vespasian and remains the same even today. Vespasian is the emperor who was responsible for creating Coliseum in Roma.
Surface of the Arena is around 11.500 m2, which is similar size to one and a half football fields. That space was enough to hold 23.000 spectators, which was a huge number for that time. In the middle of Arena is a huge fighting pit with impressive dimensions of 67,9 x 41,6 meters.
Fights that happened in the pit were between gladiators and sometimes even between gladiators and wild beasts. Preparations for fighting happened on underground level, which can be visited today. There you can find exhibition of „Olive growing and Viticulture in Istria during Roman period” where you can see old amphoras and grape-presses. Christians were often cruelly tortured in Arena, they were persecuted in Roman Empire until 4th century A.D.

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Address:

Arena, Flavijevska ulica, 52100, Pula

GPS coordinate:

N44.87323, E13.850246

HILLFORT MONTE ZARO

Fort Monte Zaro is a fortified tower on the Mount Zaro Hill, located on an area of about 29,000 m2.
It was built on a hill below and around the Hydrographic Institute with the Observatory (Specula del Marina) with two domes (one was bombarded during the Second World War).
During Italian rule, Monte Zaro was well-preserved and well-groomed park, it was a “Romanesque Garden”.
Today, there are 20 plant species and most numerous of them are laurels, aleppo pines, cedars and beeches.

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Address:

Park Monte Zaro, Boškovićev grad 24, 52100, Pula

GPS coordinate:

N44.865673, E13.845552

HILLFORT VINTIJAN

Hillfort Vintijan is located on the hill Vintijan, above Veruda Bay. It’s one of the largest Istrian hillforts with a diameter of over 100 meters.
The ethnicity of the inhabitants of the Bronze Age is still unknown, while in the Iron Age it’s known that the hillfort belonged to the people of Histra, an ancient pirate tribe that has long ruled in this area.
Neolithic settlements existed around Veruda Bay and cape Verudela, while settlements from the Bronze Age can be found on the island of Veruda.

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Address:

52100 Pula
~3 km away from city center 52100, Pula

GPS coordinate:

N44.84673, E13.85495

MEDIEVAL FORTIFIED SETTLEMENT GURAN

The fortified settlement Guran near Vodnjan, in southern Istria, was built during the Carolingian conquest of the Istrian peninsula at the beginning of the 9th century.
The settlement was abandoned at the end of the Middle Ages and provides a lot of information on the organization of established settlements since the early Middle Ages until the end of the Middle Ages.
Within and near the village is a large basilica, the cemetery church of St. Simon, a Roman villa and the church of St. Cecilia.

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Address:

52215, Vodnjan
~15 km from 52100, Pula

GPS coordinate:

N44.96952, E13.89478

HILLFORT ST. PETER

The fort is on the hill where are the remains of the church of St. Peter, within the abandoned settlement Borbolan.

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Address:

52203, Medulin
~9 km away from 52210, Pula

GPS coordinate:

N44.83799, E13.92818

HILLFORT NEZAKCIJ - NESACTIUM

The hillfort existed since the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. It is located on the fertile valley and Budva Bay and is protected by steep slopes and ravines. It’s surrounded by a wall which served as a part of the defence system throughout the ancient and late antique period.

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Address:

52206, Muntić
~13 km away from 52100, Pula

GPS coordinate:

N44.91656, E13.96889

HILLFORT VRČEVAN

The prehistoric fortress was built during the Middle Bronze Age and the Iron Age.

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Address:

52203, Medulin
~10 km away from 52210, Pula

GPS coordinate:

N44.83, E13.94057

HILLFORT PUNTA KAŠTEJA

The prehistoric fortress was built during the Middle Bronze Age and the Iron Age.

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Address:

52203, Medulin
~11 km away from 52210, Pula

GPS coordinate:

N44.8041, E13.93025

HILLFORT KAŠTELIR

It is located on a ridge above the bay Valmižeja and Teradige.

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Address:

52100, Pula
~8 km away from city center 52100, Pula

GPS coordinate:

N44.8113, E13.88243

HILLFORT KAMENJAK - PREMANTURA

Within the hillfort is a cave located 200 meters north of Premantura.
The cave was built from parts from the Late Cretaceous, about 90 million years ago.
The archaeological research was conducted and artefacts found show that people from the prehistoric times used the cave, visited it and even lived and died in it until the Middle Ages. Also, there is mention of runaway slaves and robbers using it as a shelter.
One of the most important finding is the prehistoric iron cross axe, originating from Greece, which is the only finding of this type of weapon in Istria.

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Address:

52100, Pula
~11 km away from city center 52100, Pula

GPS coordinate:

N44.81226, E13.90817

HILLFORT KASTRIL

The location of Kastril on the cape Kamenjak, the most southern cape of Istria, has a great importance as it is an example of an area that has a view of a wide surrounding area.
So far, no archaeological research has been conducted at this location.
The settlement originates from antique period and it has been used as a watchtower.
It was first mentioned in the literature at the end of 19th century.

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Address:

52100, Pula
~11 km away from city center 52100, Pula

GPS coordinate:

N44.7855, E13.91179