CITY WALLS

As early as the 7th century, Rovinj has been enclosed by the city walls which were later reinforced and upgraded by city towers. The city had seven doors, but only three were preserved: Doors of St. Benedict, Doors of St. Cross and Portico (porch).

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Address:

Ul. Sv. Križa 45, 52210, Rovinj

GPS coordinate:

N45.08244, E13.6302

TURNINA FORTRESS - TORRE DI BORRASO

Turnina is a late Roman fortress and it’s first destruction was noted in 789. Pietro Coppo imagined it as a whole structure and determined that its dimensions are 9,6×8,4 fathoms in the floor plan and that its height is 14 fathoms (1 fathom =6 ft=1.83 m). Today, the fortress is a ruin and its remains are covered with undergrowth. It is also difficult to reach because it’s necessary to go trough private properties to get to it. If it had been preserved, it would definitely dominate the area, it would even be visible from Rovinjsko selo – Rovinj road.

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Address:

Kula Turnina, 52210, Rovinj
~4 km away from city center 52210, Rovinj

GPS coordinate:

N45.09101, E13.68222

MONKODONJA SETTLEMENT

Monkodonja is a settlement located on a hill near Rovinj dating from the bronze age. The settlement was surrounded by triple walls made in drywall technique. Monkodonja is shaped like an irregular ellipse surrounded by three concentric walls which are more than three meters thick and more than ten meters high. Stones used to build the walls were taken from the hill on which Monkodonja is located. That way, the builders acquired useful space. So far, building techniques and settlement layout have been determined, and from that, anthropologists have inhabitants’ described a social image. It’s assumed that circa three thousand people lived on three levels of the settlement, and on the very top, in almost perfect rectangle, were houses of the upper class society, while at the bottom were craft shops.

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Address:

Monkodonja Gradina, 52210, Rovinj
~6 km away from city center 52210, Rovinj

GPS coordinate:

N45.0706, E13.6981

KARAŠTAK SETTLEMENT

Northeast of Rovinjsko Selo there are remains of Karaštak, another prehistoric settlement. Unlike Monkodonja settlement which was surrounded by three concentric rows of walls, Karaštak was encircled by two, therefore, it had two settlements. Building technique is typical for that period of time: each rampart consisted of two external walls made in drywall technique, while the cavity between them was filled with fine stones. The main doors were set on the east side of the external walls. At first they were plain, but as the need for better protection of the inhabitants grew, the doors became more and more complex. On the other hand, doors on the inner walls remained simple because they didn’t have a defensive role. From those doors, along the walls, there was a corridor leading to the peak point of the settlement. The meaning of this corridor is still unknown.

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Address:

52210, Rovinj
~14 km away from city center 52210, Rovinj

GPS coordinate:

N45.11985, E13.73196

ST. MARTIN SETTLEMENT

This settlement was first mentioned in Charter of Holy Roman Emperor, Henry IV. He donated twenty properties in Istira to Istrian margrave Urlich I., among which is also medieval fortress Possert, for his loyal service. Other historical records about this settlement are very poor.

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Address:

52352, Bubani
~15 km away from 52210, Rovinj

GPS coordinate:

N45.1246, E13.74021

OLD TOWN BALE - BALE VALLE

Soardo – Bembo palace, the biggest building in Bale, captures visitors’ attention because of its beautiful Gothic – Renaissance facade and it is definitely the most monumental construction of the entire historical complex. It was built as a residential palace at the beginning of the 16th century between two towers within town walls. Initially it belonged to the Sorado family, but in 1618 by Veronica Sorado’s and Alvise Bembo’s marriage, the Bembo family gained ownership over the palace. It was completely reconstructed in 2012. and during the reconstruction, objects from the bronze age were found in the cellars. Soardo – Bembo palace was included on the list of 30 most significant Croatian monuments. Almost two million euros have been invested in its renewal and the funds were gained through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Italian Union and National University in Trieste. Headquarters of Bale Italian community is located in the palace and on the first storey there are most beautiful Venetian costumes displayed in showcases which the community owns. Soardo – Bembo palace is open for visitors throughout the year.

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Address:

52211, Bale
~14 km away from 52210, Rovinj

GPS coordinate:

N45.04256, E13.78595

MONKAŠTEL SETTLEMENT NEAR BALE

Remains of this prehistoric settlement are located on a 232 m high hill northeast of Bale. This historical site was never investigated even though it’s one of the very few which stand out by their location. ”Monkaštel” translates as ”hill on which the keep is set”.

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Address:

52352, Kanfanar
~18 km away from 52210, Rovinj

GPS coordinate:

N45.06108, E13.80094

MAROZULA SETTLEMENT

This prehistoric location, Marozula settlement, near a small town Mrgan gives evidence about early inhabitance of the wider area. During construction of Odeki – Medaki road south of Mrgan a larger amount of antique object was found (tegulae, stones with residues of mortar, amphorae and ceramics fragments).

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Address:

52352, Kanfanar
~25 km away from 52210, Rovinj

GPS coordinate:

N45.13991, E13.78214

DVIGRAD

Dvigrad is first mentioned in 879. when the Aquila partiarch takes over the ownership, but its existence goes way back to prehistory. It used to be a part of a former settlement which was within a Roman province. It is clear from its name ( dvi – two, grad – town) that originally there were two towns at this location. Today’s ruins are remains of the northern town Moncastella, while the other town, Castel Parentino, was abandoned in the 10th century. today’s remains represent a very well kept, typical medieval town-citadel. Dvigrad is surrounded by double walls which are connected to the town gates which there are three, same number as defense towers. St. Sofias church, which is set on the town’s peak point, still dominates the surroundings, and it’s been there since the early Christian times. This building with Roman style features got its imposing three-nave shape in the 13th century, and underneath it is the town square with the town palace. In the west part of the town there were army premises, while the southwest part was intended for craftsmen. The remaining, quite large part was occupied by common citizens’ houses.

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Address:

52352, Kanfanar
~21 km away from 52210, Rovinj

GPS coordinate:

N45.12697, E13.81186

PARENTIN CITADEL

It is assumed that Parentin used to be a strong fortress and some kind of additional support for the larger Dvigrad. Today, not many people visit Parentin because it is very inaccessible.

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Address:

52352, Kanfanar
~21 km away from 52210, Rovinj

GPS coordinate:

N45.12543, E13.8088